Arquivo | Maio, 2008

Bibliografia / Bibliography: L’apparition du livre

29 Maio

O clássico de 1957 da autoria de Lucien Febvre e Henri-Jean Martin publicado pelas Éditions Albin Michel e disponível na íntegra e nos formatos Word, RTF e PDF em Les Classiques des Sciences Sociales na Université du Québec à Chicoutimi (duas partes).
The classic on Book History by Lucien Febvre and Henri-Jean Martin published in 1957 by Éditions Albin Michel, Paris, and available in Word, RTF and PDF formats on Les Classiques des Sciences Sociales at the Université du Québec à Chicoutimi (two documents).

Anúncios

The Life and Works of William Butler Yeats

20 Maio

Uma visita virtual à exposição sobre William Butler Yeats na National Library of Ireland aberta até ao final do ano (convém ter banda larga e Flash instalado). Podem-se percorrer as várias salas da exposição, explorar cada expositor, assisitir a vídeos e observar ao pormenor os vários documentos em exibição (cartas, manuscritos, edições raras do trabalho do poeta e não só).
“Based on the National Library of Ireland’s Yeats exhibition (which runs through the end of this year), the interface (broadband recommended; Flash required) simulates the experience of walking through the actual exhibition: explore display cases, wander through the various rooms, watch videos, etc. The library holds the largest and most important collection of Yeats manuscripts in the world and many of these are are on display, along with letters, rare editions of the poet’s works, and the like.”
(via Book Patrol)

Queimar livros / Book burning

10 Maio

“Há 75 anos atrás, os Nazis levaram a cabo aquela que é provavelmente a mais tristemente famosa queima de livros. A 10 de Maio de 1933, milhares de livros banidos pelo Partido Nacional Socialista alemão foram queimados em piras flamejantes. Foi uma terrível declaração de intenções, através da qual o Ministro para o Esclarecimento Popular e Propaganda, Joseph Goebbels, redefinia a cultura do seu país dentro de fronteiras específicas. (…)

Wolfgang Hermann – um elemento do Comité para a Purificação do partido nazi – é muito provavelmente o bibliotecário mais infame da História, uma vez que desempenhou um papel fundamental na elaboração da lista, publicada na Boersenblatt, o órgão de informação da indústria editorial alemã. Mais de 2500 autores foram lançados às chamas.”

Seventy five years ago, the Nazis staged what is probably the most infamous of all book burnings. On 10 May 1933 thousands of books banned by Germany’s National Socialist regime were tossed into flaming pyres. It was a terrifying statement of intent with the Minister for Popular Enlightenment and Propaganda, Joseph Goebbels, redefining his nation’s culture within strict boundaries. (…)

Wolfgang Hermann – part of the Nazi’s Purification Committee – is probably the most infamous librarian in history as he was instrumental in drawing up the list, which was published in Boersenblatt, the trade magazine for the German publishing industry. More than 2,500 authors were deemed fuel for the fires.

(via AbeBooks)

Um Milhão de Penguins / A Million Penguins

6 Maio

From A Million Penguins Research Report, by Bruce Mason and Sue Thomas, 24th April 2008, Institute of Creative Technologies, De Montfort University, Leicester, UK:
‘In February 2007, Penguin Books and De Montfort University launched A Million Penguins, a collaborative novel open to anyone who wanted to help write it. The novel was to be created on MediaWiki, the same software as Wikipedia, with a similar ethos of collective authoring but the added spice of a risky experiment in the heartland of commercial publishing. “Can a community write a novel?” asked Penguin Digital Publisher Jeremy Ettinghausen. “Let‘s find out…”
Seeded with a first line taken from a volume in the Penguin Classics series, the wiki invited contributions over a five week period. The result may not have been a novel as we know it, but it certainly produced a community of collaborators who created what John Mackinson, the Chief Executive of Penguin Books, called “not the most read, but possibly the most written novel in history”.
The Penguin wikinovel, as it came to be known, touched a nerve in many quarters of the literary world and provoked great excitement in the social media community. The level of reaction in the media and across the web showed that there was a real interest in the project despite the fact that many critics dismissed it as a “PR stunt”, “badly written” or, in the words of Jordan Jack writing in the Yale Herald “the worst book I‘ve ever read”.
Linux.com solicited the views of Douglas Rushkoff, and the Internet guru was not optimistic: “A Million Penguins looks like fun, but it’s still likely to remain more a million penguins than a cohesive or coherent bird”, says Rushkoff, who points out that every book needs its author.
Other commentators suggested that the wiki was likely to be a failure, albeit a “delightful” one.
It was certainly unorthodox. The authors who came together were not the usual writerly stereotypes scribbling away alone in attics, but an intriguing mix of “gardeners” intent on nurturing the novel; “vandals” determined to ruin it, and “performers” hoping to make it showcase for their talents. What they created together turned out to be quite unique. Later Ettinghausen would blog: “as the project evolved I think I stopped thinking about it as a literary experiment and started thinking about it more as a social experiment”.
A year on, he now says “it‘s the best thing I‘ve ever done … but I would never do it again”.’

Em Fevereiro de 2007, a Penguin Books e a De Montfort University (Leicester, Reino Unido) lançaram A Million Penguins , um romance colectivo aberto a todos os que quisessem ajudá-lo a escrever. O romance seria criado em MediaWiki, o mesmo software utilizado para a Wikipedia, de acordo com uma ética de colaboração semelhante à utilizada pela famosa enciclopédia on line mas com a novidade de introduzir um elemento de risco e experimentação no âmago da indústria editorial. “Será que uma comunidade de autores pode criar um romance?” questionou Jeremy Ettinghausen, o Editor para o Digital da Penguin, “Vamos descobrir!”.
Com o ponto de partida dado por uma citação retirada de um dos volumes de clássicos da Penguin, a wiki foi aberta a contribuições durante um período de 5 semanas. O resultado poderá não se assemelhar a um romance tal como os conhecemos, mas produziu certamente uma comunidade de colaboradores que criou o que John Mackinson, o Chief Executive da Penguin Books, chamou “não o romance mais lido, mas o romance mais escrito de toda a História”. O romance-wiki da Penguin, como acabou por ficar conhecido, abalou muitos dos quadrantes do mundo literário e provocou um grande entusiasmo na comunidade dos ‘social media’.
As repercussões nos media e através da web provaram que havia um interesse genuíno pelo projecto, apesar de muitos críticos reduzirem todo o projecto a uma “manobra de Relações Públicas”, “má literatura” ou ainda, nas palavras de Jordan Jack no Yale Herald: “o pior livro que alguma vez li”.
Linux.com pediu a opinião de Douglas Rushkoff e o guru da Internet não foi nada optimista: “A Million Penguins é muito divertido mas muito provavelmente continuará a ser um grande grupo de aves sem nunca se chegar a transformar num animal uno e único”, disse Rushkoff chamando a atenção para o facto de todos os livros precisarem de um autor. Outros comentadores sugeriram que a wiki estava destinada ao fracasso, embora um esplendoroso fracasso. Foi certamente uma iniciativa muito pouco ortodoxa. Os autores que congregou não representavam o arquétipo do escritor isolado no seu sótão, mas formavam antes um grupo de “jardineiros” empenhados em alimentarem o romance; “vândalos” determinados a boicotá-lo; e “exibicionistas” alimentando esperanças de dar a conhecer os seus talentos. O que criaram em conjunto acabou por se transformar em algo de fora de vulgar. Mais tarde, Ettinghausen escreveria no seu blog: “à medida que o projecto evoluía deixei de pensar nele como numa experiência literária e mais como uma experiência social”. Um ano depois, diria que “foi a melhor coisa que fiz… mas não a voltaria a fazer”.

Faber Classics: Print On Demand

4 Maio




“Faber is creating a new imprint that will make out-of-print classics available through print on demand. Faber Finds launches on 2nd June with 100 titles, and aims to publish a further 20 titles every month. (…)
The books, priced from £9 upwards depending on length, will be printed by Anthony Rowe Ltd, with text reset by Libre Digital. The cover designs will be automatically generated, with an algorithm creating illustrated borders around the title. (…)
The books will be available through cus­tomer order from booksellers and through all the major web players, as well as from a new ­wiki-style website at http://www.faberfinds.co.uk/, which will encourage a community to form around the project.” (theBookseller, via LerBlog)

The Night Life of Trees (Tara Publishing)

4 Maio




Published by Tara Publishing, a book by Bhajju Shyam, Durga Bai and Ram Singh Urveti.
(via Book by its cover)

"an alternative vision of what is possible"

4 Maio

6,000,000 impressions: handcrafting the book experience is the name of the exhibition taking place at St Bride Library in London from 9 May to 14 June around Tara Publishing, an Indian publisher specialized in handmade books:
“A pioneering project from Tara Publishing, India, is the creation of books made entirely by hand, from the paper to the printing and binding. Content, design and craft: all of these come in to our play with the possibilities of the book. Inspired by older forms, we enjoy transforming the richness of Indian visual arts traditions – through contemporary design and artisanal expertise – into fine bookmaking.
So author, artist and book designer work closely with an organised community of book craftsmen. Whether screen printed by hand on handmade paper, or letter-pressed with tipped in pictures, beaded strings and special boxes, each book is individually made, yet matches the price and quality of a mass produced title. The challenge lies in how many times a book has to be handled, while still maintaining quality and perfect printing.
Today our printing unit is a bustling workshop, run on fair trade practices, employing 12 skilled printers and binders. We have so far created a total of 120,000 handmade books worldwide. Our publishing partners range from museums like the Paul Getty Trust in the US, to design houses like Corraini in Italy. Since each page of every book we have ever made is an original print – screen-printed individually this works out to about 6,000,000 impressions in the service of handcrafting the book experience.
The idea is a daring one, and we believe our success is largely due to the dialogue we encourage between experiment and communication, creativity and manufacture. Ours is an alternative vision of what is possible.”